Boston Citizenship and Naturalization Lawyer
Our U.S. citizenship lawyers have extensive experience processing even the most complex US citizenship/naturalization cases and can save you valuable time and effort in preparing your applications as well as avoiding costly delays created by errors in making your own applications. If you have spent considerable time outside the US as a US legal permanent resident, have had issues with prior immigration applications , or have had any criminal charges, it is very important that you contact a citizenship attorney for assistance with your US citizenship case. Call us at (617) 303-2600 (ext. 0) for an initial consultation with one of our immigration lawyers if you are in the Massachusetts or New England area.
What Is Naturalization in the U.S.?
Naturalization is a process that allows foreign-born persons to obtain citizenship in the United States. Once granted American citizenship, foreign-born persons are granted the right to vote, the right to government jobs, the right to apply for resident status for VI family members and the freedom to travel with an American passport which provides entry without a visa into many countries. A key benefit a naturalization applicant will derive once granted U.S. citizenship is the ability to petition for an immediate family member through a faster petitioning process. There are many eligibility requirements a person must fulfill before they submit an application for naturalization.
Who Is Eligible for obtaining Citizenship or Naturalization in the U.S.?
In most situations, a person is eligible to apply for Naturalization, if they meet the following requirements:
- Applicant has been a lawful permanent resident for five years (or three years for spouses of United States Citizens)
- Applicant is 18 years old or older
- Applicant is of good moral character
- Applicant can speak, read, and write English
- Applicant must pass a test on U.S. history and government
- Applicant was physically present in the U.S. at least half the requisite time
- Applicant has maintained lawful permanent residence continuously
- Applicant swears loyalty to the U.S. by taking an oath of allegiance
(note: minor children of U.S. naturalization applicants may also be eligible and included in a naturalization application, under certain circumstances)
What is the duration of the Citizenship or Naturalization in the U.S.?
American Citizenship does not expire. However, it can be voided or withdrawn (i.e. when a person commits certain types of crimes).
U.S. Citizenship Renewability
U.S. Citizenship documents do not have to be renewed.
U.S. Citizenship Family Benefits
Certain family members may be immediately eligible to receive citizenship, such as minor children. Others are eligible to receive a green card with shorter wait periods than family members of residents (see Family based residency section for estimated wait periods).
What Documentation Do I Need for the U.S. Naturalization or U.S. Citizenship process?
- Birth Certificate(s)
- Copy of Legal Permanent Residency Document
- Marriage Certificate (if applying because of marriage to a United States Citizen)
- Employment and residence history for the last five years
- List of trips taken outside of the U.S. during the last five years
- Two passport size photographs on white background
What is the U.S. Naturalization/Citizenship process like?
Prepare and file form N-400 (Application for Naturalization) with the appropriate filing fees at the Immigration Service Center in your district.
Once the application is submitted, the applicant will receive notice of a fingerprint appointment date and shall appear on this date
Prepare for and appear for all meetings and interviews scheduled by the U.S. Immigration Service. (Note: failure to attend scheduled meetings may result in a denial of naturalization).
Attend citizenship interview before an immigration officer. The officer will test the applicant’s knowledge of U.S. civics and government, and English literacy tests.
If the applicant satisfies the interviewing officer and the alien’s file is complete, the applicant will then be scheduled for a swearing in ceremony.
The applicant is given an appointment notice with an attached list of questions that must be submitted at the swearing in ceremony. This is to ensure that the applicant has maintained their lawful presence and good moral character between the time of the interview and the swearing in ceremony. Once the form is submitted, the applicant will be sworn in. The applicant must turn in their I-551 card (Legal Permanent Residency Document or “green card”) and are subsequently issued a naturalization certificate. At this point, the applicant is an official U.S. Citizen! Although the process can seem complex, working with an experienced U.S. citizenship lawyer can help ease the burden of gathering documentation and applying for naturalization.
What are the USCIS Filing Fees
Fees for form N-400 (click here to verify the U.S. Immigration Service fees as these change regularly).
What are the Fees of our U.S. Citizenship Attorneys in Boston, MA to Petition for Citizenship or Naturalization in the U.S.?
Click here to learn more about our immigration legal fees.
Click here if you would like to come in for an initial consultation with one of our immigration attorneys in Massachusetts.
Video Client Testimonial
Where can I get more Information?
The USCIS regarding Citizenship through Naturalization
Naturalization for Spouses of U.S. Citizens
Exeptions and Accomodations to the English and Civics Requirements for Citizenship or Naturalization
Continuous Residence and Physical Presence Requirements for Naturalization
The U.S. Naturalization Interview and Test Video
Study Materials for the U.S. Citizenship Test
Where can I find the status of my application with the Immigration Service online?
Links to United States Embassies and Consulates around the world